China's Southeast Asia Policy：
This paper deals with China’s Southeast Asia policy by first examining the fundamental reorientation of China’s Southeast Asia policy occasioned by Tiananmen, followed by a discussion of the development of normalization from 1991 to 1997. The third generation of China’s top leadership which is characterized by the collective politics deserved the full credit of adopting a successful new policy direction. Under the new policy, the relationship between China and Southeast Asia underwent an important change shifting from one driven by hostility toward Vietnam from 1978 to 1990 to one aiming at regional cooperation. The reoriented policy sustained the new direction through the 1990s, and culminated in a new era of normalcy and cooperation since 1997.
The author further discussed the move to normalcy from 1997 to 2002 and argued that the movement of relations between China and Southeast Asia from normalization to normalcy does not mean that henceforward the relationship will be unproblematic. The differences of interests and capacities between China and ASEAN, and among the various states of ASEAN, will continue to generate a stream of disagreements, anxieties and minor crises that will require skillful management in order not to lead to further problems.
As regards the current situation of the relationship faced by the fourth generation, it is notable although the new generation starts with a very promising situation, it will face new challenges from domestic pressures on foreign policy and possibly from American policies in the region.
Keywords: Tiananmen tragedy,
Sino-Vietnamese relations, ASEAN+1,